Protestant Reformation

Nuremberg During the Reformation: A Model of Religious Tolerance

By Katya Mouris

During the early years of the Reformation, from 1524-1528, Caritas Pirckheimer, a Poor Clare nun who lived in Nuremburg, kept a sort of diary of letters and conversations known as the Denkwürdigkeiten (“memorable items”). In these, Caritas recorded her struggle to prevent the Lutheran city council from closing her Catholic convent, since the new tide of Protestants believed monasticism was not in keeping with biblical values.

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Luther's Challenge to the Conscience of the West

By: Joseph Loconte

The papal bull of 1520 excommunicating Martin Luther from the Catholic Church accused him of promoting forty-one heresies and “pestiferous errors.” One of the alleged errors was his view that “the burning of heretics is against the will of the Holy Spirit.” The point must not be missed: Luther’s challenge to the Church involved not only a disagreement about the gospel and the authority of the Bible. It instigated a profound debate in the West about the rights of conscience in matters of faith. 

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