Reformations, Enlightenments, and the Middle East: A Response to Thomas Friedman

By: Anthony Gill

In a recent New York Times op-ed piece, Thomas Friedman ponders the recent conflict in Syria and Iraq and concludes with an oft-repeated trope about Islam.

"Pluralism came to Europe only after many centuries of one side or another in religious wars thinking it could have it all, and after much ethnic cleansing created more homogeneous nations. Europe also went through the Enlightenment and the Reformation. Arab Muslims need to go on the same journey."

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