religion and government

Whose Shame?

By Kim Colby

But significant parts of American society are now unyieldingly hostile to the religious beliefs that some religious colleges teach. Specifically, our legal and political cultures actively oppose the religious belief that sex is to be experienced exclusively within a lifelong, monogamous commitment between a woman and a man, a belief shared by Catholicism, Orthodox Judaism, and Evangelical Christianity. As it rigidly imposes its own sexual orthodoxy on dissenting religious institutions and individuals, this legal and political opposition ironically parodies the puritanism that it derides.

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Spread the Word: Making the Case for Robust Religious Freedom

By Doug Koopman

Among the ramifications of the Supreme Court’s 2015 Obergefell decision has been the push by groups supporting that decision for new law and regulation to protect lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) individuals. A prime arena for this has been higher education, where there has been increased scrutiny regarding where federal funding—particularly aid to students—is involved.

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Religious Freedom and Higher Education: Worldview Matters

By Steve Pettit

In the California case, a looming question at the heart of this “issue” is: why can pastoral training schools be exempted but not liberal-arts Christian colleges? Why could a Christian liberal arts university be sued for discrimination but not a seminary? This confusion stems from the misconception that there is some sort of “great divide” between the secular and the sacred.

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Hypotheses on Religion and Conflict

Part 1: Existing Research

Conflict about the role of religion in state affairs is acute in the Middle East, Europe, and Africa. Are religious cleavages more prone to violent conflict than other cleavages? What is the relationship between religion and political violence? These are important questions in the study of politics but, more importantly, the answers we give have important implications for policy.

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Does Religious Liberty Encourage or Curb Faith-Based Terrorism?

By: Nilay Saiya and Anthony Scime

Does religious liberty encourage or curb faith-based terrorism? Like the wider literature on liberty and domestic violence, a theoretical case can be made to support either position. On the one hand, some authoritarian leaders contend that effectively averting terrorism may require their governments to limit or suspend freedoms like religious liberty in the name of national security. This logic rests on the assumption that liberalism shackles governments from using all of the weapons in their arsenal to optimize their counterterrorism strategies. In countries where this thinking prevails, the result is a perceived zero-sum game: Religious restrictions, as morally problematic as they might be, are seen as necessary to curtail religious violence. 

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