In the United States we commonly think of religious freedom as an individual liberty, and at its most basic level, it is. It is individual persons who believe and have faith, and no one can trust for another, pray for another, worship for another, or love for another.
The social nature of persons means that religious freedom will also have essential corporate components.
Permanent Link: https://www.religiousfreedominstitute.org/cornerstone/institutional-religious-freedom-in-context
In the West today, religious freedom is often viewed as providing a license to discriminate: It shields bigoted acts of unequal treatment by allowing some, claiming the protection of religious motives, to mistreat others. And such injustice is perpetrated especially by religious organizations, which claim the right to treat people—job applicants, employees, customers, patients, students, and others—according to the dictates of their animating beliefs, notwithstanding legal prohibitions on discrimination.
And yet, where there are deep differences of conviction, institutional religious freedom is indispensable to crafting a way for all to live together.
Permanent Link: https://www.religiousfreedominstitute.org/cornerstone/institutional-religious-freedom-negotiating-diverse-convictions-and-societal-harms
In July 2019, Pew Research Center published a report on religious restrictions around the world. Although Muslim-majority countries constitute only about a quarter of all cases examined in the report, they constitute over three-quarters (18/22) of the cases “with most restrictive laws and policies toward religious freedom.”
In the Muslim world, exceptionally high levels of legal and governmental restrictions on religious freedom are directly associated with various socio-political problems, including limitations on freedom of speech, press, and assembly.
Permanent Link: https://www.religiousfreedominstitute.org/cornerstone/islam-and-institutional-religious-freedom
One reason that institutional religious freedom has become so controversial in the United States in recent years relates to the American people’s historical understanding of rights as applying only to individuals. Contentious U.S. Supreme Court decisions such as Citizens United and Hobby Lobby have also contributed to widespread suspicion about the general idea of institutional rights, especially in the form of recognizing the legal personhood of corporations.
Permanent Link: https://www.religiousfreedominstitute.org/cornerstone/rights-institutions-and-religious-freedom-toward-clarity-in-the-midst-of-controversy
Permanent Link: https://www.religiousfreedominstitute.org/cornerstone/realizing-religious-freedom-in-the-islamic-world